2 weeks ago
Saturday, 17 October 2009
I heard on a tape that whoever insults the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) should be executed even if he shows that he has repented. Should he be killed as a hadd punishment or because of kufr? If his repentance is sincere, will Allaah forgive him or will he go to Hell and his repentance will be of no avail?
Praise be to Allaah.
The answer to this question may be given by addressing the two following issues:
1 – The ruling on one who insults the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
The scholars are unanimously agreed that a Muslim who insults the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) becomes a kaafir and an apostate who is to be executed. This consensus was narrated by more than one of the scholars, such as Imaam Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh, Ibn al-Mundhir, al-Qaadi ‘Iyaad, al-Khattaabi and others. Al-Saarim al-Maslool, 2/13-16
This ruling is indicated by the Qur’aan and Sunnah.
In the Qur’aan it says (interpretation of the meaning):
“The hypocrites fear lest a Soorah (chapter of the Qur’aan) should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: ‘(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allaah will bring to light all that you fear.’
If you ask them (about this), they declare: ‘We were only talking idly and joking.’ Say: ‘Was it at Allaah, and His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking?’
Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed”
This verse clearly states that mocking Allaah, His verses and His Messenger constitutes kufr, so that applies even more so to insulting. The verse also indicates that whoever belittles the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is also a kaafir, whether he was serious or joking.
With regard to the Sunnah, Abu Dawood (4362) narrated from ‘Ali that a Jewish woman used to insult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and say bad things about him, so a man strangled her until she died, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) ruled that no blood money was due in this case.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in al-Saarim al-Maslool (1/162): This hadeeth is jayyid, and there is a corroborating report in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas which we will quote below.
This hadeeth clearly indicates that it was permissible to kill that woman because she used to insult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
Abu Dawood (4361) narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas that a blind man had a freed concubine (umm walad) who used to insult the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and say bad things about him. He told her not to do that but she did not stop, and he rebuked her but she did not heed him. One night, when she started to say bad things about the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and insult him, he took a short sword or dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it and killed her. The following morning that was mentioned to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He called the people together and said, “I adjure by Allah the man who has done this action and I adjure him by my right over him that he should stand up.” The blind man stood up and said, “O Messenger of Allaah, I am the one who did it; she used to insult you and say bad things about you. I forbade her, but she did not stop, and I rebuked her, but she did not give up her habit. I have two sons like pearls from her, and she was kind to me. Last night she began to insult you and say bad things about you. So I took a dagger, put it on her belly and pressed it till I killed her.” Thereupon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Bear witness, there is no blood money due for her.”
(Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 3655)
It seems that this woman was a kaafir, not a Muslim, for a Muslim could never do such an evil action. If she was a Muslim she would have become an apostate by this action, in which case it would not have been permissible for her master to keep her; in that case it would not have been good enough if he were to keep her and simply rebuke her.
Al-Nasaa’i narrated (4071) that Abu Barzah al-Aslami said: A man spoke harshly to Abu Bakr al-Siddeeq and I said, ‘Shall I kill him?’ He rebuked me and said, ‘That is not for anyone after the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) .’” (Saheeh al-Nasaa’i, 3795)
It may be noted from this that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had the right to kill whoever insulted him and spoke harshly to him, and that included both Muslims and kaafirs.
The second issue is: if a person who insulted the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) repents, should his repentance be accepted or not?
The scholars are agreed that if such a person repents sincerely and regrets what he has done, this repentance will benefit him on the Day of Resurrection and Allaah will forgive him.
But they differed as to whether his repentance should be accepted in this world and whether that means he is no longer subject to the sentence of execution.
Maalik and Ahmad were of the view that it should not be accepted, and that he should be killed even if he has repented.
They quoted as evidence the Sunnah and proper understanding of the ahaadeeth:
In the Sunnah, Abu Dawood (2683) narrated that Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas said: “On the Day of the Conquest of Makkah, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) granted safety to the people except for four men and two women, and he named them, and Ibn Abi Sarh… As for Ibn Abi Sarh, he hid with ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, and when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) called the people to give their allegiance to him, he brought him to stand before the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). He said, “O Prophet of Allaah, accept the allegiance of ‘Abd-Allaah.” He raised his head and looked at him three times, refusing him, then he accepted his allegiance after the third time. Then he turned to his companions and said: “Was there not among you any smart man who could have got up and killed this person when he saw me refusing to give him my hand and accept his allegiance?” They said, “We do not know what is in your heart, O Messenger of Allaah. Why did you not gesture to us with your eyes?” He said, “It is not befitting for a Prophet to betray a person with a gesture of his eyes.”
(Classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood, 2334)
This clearly indicates that in a case such as this apostate who had insulted the Prophet (S), it is not obligatory to accept his repentance, rather it is permissible to kill him even if he comes repentant.
‘Abd-Allaah ibn Sa’d was one of those who used to write down the Revelation, then he apostatized and claimed that he used to add whatever he wanted to the Revelation. This was a lie and a fabrication against the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and it was a kind of insult. Then he became Muslim again and was a good Muslim, may Allaah be pleased with him. Al-Saarim 115.
With regard to proper understanding of the ahaadeeth:
They said that insulting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has to do with two rights, the right of Allaah and the right of a human being. With regard to the right of Allaah, this is obvious, because it is casting aspersions upon His Message, His Book and His Religion. As for the right of a human being, this is also obvious, because it is like trying to slander the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) by this insult. In a case which involves both the rights of Allaah and the rights of a human being, the rights of the human beings are not dropped when the person repents, as in the case of the punishment for banditry, because if the bandit has killed someone, that means that he must be executed and crucified. But if he repents before he is caught, then the right of Allaah over him, that he should be executed and crucified, no longer applies, but the rights of other humans with regard to qisaas (retaliatory punishment) still stand. The same applies in this case. If the one who insulted the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) repents, then the rights of Allaah no longer apply, but there remains the right of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which still stand despite his repentance.
If it is said, “Can we not forgive him, because during his lifetime the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forgave many of those who had insulted him and he did not execute them?” The answer is:
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) sometimes chose to forgive those who had insulted him, and sometimes he ordered that they should be executed, if that served a greater purpose. But now his forgiveness is impossible because he is dead, so the execution of the one who insults him remains the right of Allaah, His Messenger and the believers, and the one who deserves to be executed cannot be let off, so the punishment must be carried out.
Al-Saarim al-Maslool, 2/438
Insulting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is one of the worst of forbidden actions, and it constitutes kufr and apostasy from Islam, according to scholarly consensus, whether done seriously or in jest. The one who does that is to be executed even if he repents and whether he is a Muslim or a kaafir. If he repents sincerely and regrets what he has done, this repentance will benefit him on the Day of Resurrection and Allaah will forgive him.
Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) wrote a valuable book on this matter, entitled al-Saarim al-Maslool ‘ala Shaatim al-Rasool which every believer should read, especially in these times when a lot of hypocrites and heretics dare to insult the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) because they see that the Muslims are careless and feel little protective jealousy towards their religion and their Prophet, and they do not implement the shar’i punishment which would deter these people and their ilk from committing this act of blatant kufr.
And Allaah knows best. May Allaah send blessings and peace upon our Prophet Muhammad and all his family and companions.
Islam 4 UK: Whoever insults a Prophet kill him!
by sheikyermami on July 26, 2009
The proof of the necessity of killing anyone who curses the Prophet or finds fault with him
It is related that a man forged lies against the Prophet and he sent ‘Ali and az-Zubayr to kill him. Ibn Qani’ related that a man came to the Prophet and said, “Messenger of Allah, I heard my father say something ugly about you, so I killed him,” and that did not distress the Prophet.
Ibn ‘Abbas said that a woman from Khatma satirised the Prophet and the Prophet said, “Who will deal with her for me?” A man from her people said, “I will, Messenger of Allah.” The man got up and went and killed her. He told the Prophet who said, “Two goats will not lock horns over her.”
Islam 4 UK: Incitement to murder
in the UK, where Geert Wilders is not allowed to speak:
Do Not Insult The Prophets and Messengers of Allah
In the last few years we Muslims have seen a lot of attacks directed at the Prophets of Allah (swt) including Jesus (as) and Muhammad (saw) by the Kufaar. Historically and contemporary the Ulemah of Haq have cleared up what needs to be done to those who fall into this cesspit. However astonishingly some Muslims remain confused about what needs to be done and this is where this very small piece of work in the English language will do a small piece of justice to this very sensitive topic.
Our beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw) said No slave says three time in the evening and morning I am pleased with Allah as a Lord, I am pleased with Islam as a religion and I am pleased with Muhammad (saw) as a prophet except that it becomes his right upon Allah that He pleases him. [Musnad Imam Ahmad]
Allah (swt) honoured our beloved Prophet (saw) by defending him from amongst the barrage of abuse thrown at him by the pagans by revealing many verses of the Quran from the seven heavens إِنَّ شَانِئَكَ هُوَ الأبْتَرُThe one who makes you angry (or hates you) by saying you have no children, or mocks you, insults you, or ridicules you he will be destroyed and ruined (in this life and the hereafter) [EMQ 108:3]
A man was brought in front of Umar ibn Khataab (ra) who had insulted Muhammad (saw) and Umar (ra) killed him and said anyone who insults Allah (swt) or Muhammad (saw) or any Prophet he should be killed. Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) said Any Muslim who insults Allah or any Prophet he therefore disbelieves in Allah and the Messengers which is equated to apostasy and he must be punished for it. And anyone from the citizens (Dhimmi) of the Islamic State (Khilafah) insults Allah or any of the Prophets or he declares that (publicly) then he violates his contract, violates his treaty, violates his covenant therefore he must be punished and killed.
Unfortunately we have many deviant Muslims who are resorting to changing the Hukm (ruling) of Allah by asking those who have insulted the Prophets to apologise for what they have done. They are asking Murtad (apostate) governments to boycott them internationally. They ask the Muslims to boycott for instance the Danish goods (albeit selectively) and the irony is that our biggest enemy which is the satanic USA is being let off the hook because it has only killed millions of Muslims and tortured, imprisoned thousands more! Or is it because it would create hardship on the people to give up computer software like Microsoft, Windows, CNN etc or even more difficult to give up working for American businesses and corporations. Some misguided Muslims have disgracefully asked for the copyright of these pictures and caricatures so they can never be published again. These same people are asking the Tagooth (manmade) regimes (nationally and internationally) to legislate new laws that will protect the Muslims from being insulted in this manner (i.e. commit Shirk by participating in the political process). They even go as far as to applaud some other western or eastern press for being responsible for not publishing these pictures; yet they quite conveniently forget that these media outlets publish pornography, propagate killing Muslim Mujahid all over the world. Whilst others have called for all faiths to be united against religious discrimination. All these so called solutions are false appetizers to pacify the Ummah (One Islamic brotherhood) from its true methodology in dealing with those who belittle the Prophets and Messengers of Allah (swt).
Extracts from the momentous book Raising the Sharp Sword Against Those who Insult the Messengers [Al-Saarim Al-Maslool Ala-Shaatim Al-Rasool] written by Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah [d.728 AH] have been used to clarify the position of those who insult any of the Prophets of Allah (swt). The reader is also directed to The Healing by the Rights of the Recognition of the Chosen One written by Qadi Iyad [d.544 AH] also known as Ash Shifa. Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah says There is no right for anyone to pardon, or forgive, or leave the charge of death penalty because of benefit and interest, or change/replace the penalty from capital punishment to something lesser (e.g. Ta’zir being lashed or sentenced to prison) because this is someone who has harmed Muhammad (saw) and the entire Muslim Ummah [written in the chapter called Can we drop the charge against someone who insults Muhammad (saw)]. The offence is so great that in some cases an apostate can repent and return to the fold of Islam whereas anyone who insults any of the Messengers may repent but will never affect the ruling on him. As Imam Malik [d.179 AH] (rh) said He could become the most pious person in the entire world but that will not detract the penalty of being executed.
Here the espousers of Al-Taaifah Al-Mansoorah (The Divinely Protected and Victoriously Aided Sect) will use the sword of truth to differentiate the Haq (Quran and Sunnah upon the understanding of the Sahabah (ra)) from the Batil (false satanic manmade laws) Inshallah.
The Sword Of The Angels
It is authentically recorded in Tabarani on the authority of Anas ibn Malik (ra) who said Muhammad (saw) passed by a group of people from amongst the Meccans and they blinked their eyes in a mocking way to Muhammad (saw). They spoke behind his back, teased him and pointed to him saying he is the one that claims he is a Prophet of Allah and he is accompanied by Gibrael (as). Upon this Gibrael (as) (descended) touched the mockers by flicking his nail and they all contracted illnesses and diseases that spread into their bodies inducing a stench. This smell forced people to stay away from them until these scoffers died in that state and the following Quranic verse was revealed I promise to deal with any one who mocks you [EMQ 15:95]
An important and famous Islamic principle from amongst the hundreds of juristic principles is one that states “One of the most ugly and heinous crimes is to attack the honour and character of any of the Prophets of Allah”.
Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) writes every single person must know that Allah’s Deen cannot be established upon the earth except by a particular means and that means is to send Messengers to guide the people. Via the noble Messengers people were able to worship Allah (swt) and submit to Allah (swt) (i.e. stay away from Shirk). And whoever insults any of the Prophets (that have been mentioned in the Quran or described as Prophets (via authentic texts)) then he is insulting our Prophets; which means the capital punishment must be carried out on them. For Allah (swt) says … make no distinction between any of the Messengers of Allah…[EMQ 2:285] and having Imaan (conviction in the heart, testifying by the tongue which is manifested by the limbs in total unison) on them is Wajib (compulsory) and this Wajib has certain duties and one of those duties is to defend the Prophets and prevent any insults on them.
The Sword Of Allah
Anas ibn Malik (ra) reported that There was a Christian who embraced Islam and read Surah Al-Baqarah and Surah Al-Imran and he used to write (the revelations) for the Prophet. Later on he became an apostate and he used to say: Muhammad knows nothing but what I have written for him (i.e. mock and ridicule Muhammad (saw)). Then Allah (swt) caused him to die, and the people buried him, but in the morning they saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, this is the act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and took his body out of it because he had run away from them (apostatised). They again dug the grave more deeply for him, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. They said, this is an act of Muhammad and his companions. They dug the grave of our companion and threw his body outside it, for he had run away from them (apostatised). They dug the grave for him as deep as they could, but in the morning they again saw that the earth had thrown his body out. So they believed that what had befallen him was not done by human beings and had to leave him thrown (on the ground). [Bukhari]
Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rh) said The grave spat him out (via Allah (swt) command) because he was cursed and his body was exposed due to the fact he ridiculed and scoffed Muhammad (saw) until no grave (no soil on earth) would accept him and his own companions had to leave his body for the dogs to eat.
The Sword Of The Jinn
The rest of Allah (swt) creation does not tolerate any abuse thrown at our noble Prophet Muhammad (saw). Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) said A man came to Muhammad (saw) in the shape of a man but he was a Jinn (Muslim Jinn). Muhammad (saw) said His name was Samhajj Muhammad (saw) said he was one of the Jinn who believed in me and I named him Abdullah. He told me that he had chased one man who had insulted you for the last three days continuously, so I could kill him (strangle him to death). Imam Ali (ra) said May Allah reward him a great reward because he defended the honour of Muhammad (saw).
The Sword Of The Booty
Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) said A mushrik (idolater) insulted Muhammad (saw) and Muhammad (saw) said Who can deal with my enemy.The youthful Zubair ibn Al- Awaam fought him killed him and Muhammad (saw) said Take all his wealth for yourself.
The Sword Of Your Life
The Sahabah (ra) were willing to sacrifice their lives, their parents lives and ready to kill just to defend the honour of Muhammad (saw). Hassan ibn Atiyyah (ra) said Jabir ibn Abdullah (ra) and Abdul Rawahah (ra) were amongst some companions sent to an expedition by Muhammad (saw). One pagan from amongst the enemies insulted Muhammad (saw) publicly, as a result one Muslim came forward and said I am the son of so and so insult me, my father, my mother but not Muhammad (saw). The pagan became angrier and continued his abuse. The same Muslim replied by saying listen to me this is my fathers name, my grandfathers name etc do not insult Muhammad (saw). If you do this I will kill you with my sword. The pagan did not take heed and continued to insult Muhammad (saw). The Muslim chased the pagan all the way back to the heart of the enemies ranks. He struck the pagan down and as a consequence he was surrounded by the enemies who killed him. Muhammad (saw) said Are you surprised from a man that supports Allah and his Messenger. The abusive pagan did not die from the wound that was inflicted on him, rather when he regained strength he became free and embraced Islam.
The Sword Of Having A Covenant of Security
Ka’b ibn Ashraf insulted Muhammad (saw) a lot. Muhammad (saw) requested Who can deal with Ka’b he has harmed Allah and his Messenger in another Riwayah (narration) Who can deal with my enemy. Muhammad ibn Maslamah (ra) arose and said I will deal with him Oh Messenger of Allah, would you like me to kill him. Muhammad (saw) said Indeed yes. [Bukhari]
Sheikh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (ra) discussed the targeted execution of Ka’b and how Muhammad ibn Maslamah (ra) the Amir (leader) of his small team of assassins (Abaad ibn Bishr (ra) and Abu Naailah (ra)) gave Ka’b security and then killed him. He mentions that the one who insults Messengers has no security or sanctity for his life because he vilified Muhammad (saw). Before Muhammad ibn Maslamah (ra) went to conduct this noble operation he asked Muhammad (saw) if he would grant him permission to say things in this operation so as to deceive the people in order to reach Ka’b. Muhammad (saw) said Say whatever you wish.
The Sword Of The Sunnah Strikes Even Women
Ibn Ishaaq (rh) reported that Abu Ubaida ibn Muhammad Ammar ibn Yasir said four men and two women were ordered by the Prophet Muhammad (saw) to be executed on the day of conquering Mecca. The women (Qaynaqa and Sarah (servant of Abu Lahab)) used to sing gross insulting poetry against Muhammad (saw). Muhammad (saw) said Their lives have no sanctity. Imam Ali (ra) said A woman insulted Muhammad (saw) and a man strangled her until she suffocated to death and Muhammad (saw) said Be my witness I declare her blood has no sanctity. [Abu Dawood]
The Sword Of A Smile
Abi Barza (ra) said I was with Abu Bakr (ra) he was so angry about a particular man. I asked Abu Bakr (ra) what did he do to make you so angry? Abu Bakr (ra) said He insulted Muhammad (saw). Abi Barza (ra) said Oh successor of the Messenger of Allah give me permission I will strike his neck (to kill him). Abu Bakr (ra) anger went away and he smiled and he said you got the permission so he went and killed him. [Abu Dawood] In another Riwayah Abi Barza (ra) said Give me permission to strike his neck. Abu Bakr (ra) said If I order you will you do it Abi Barza said Yes. Abi Barza said What if he insults you (i.e. I am ready to kill him if he insults a Sahabi (companion)) Abu Bakr (ra) said This Hukm (ruling) is only for those who insult the Prophets.
The Sword Of Mutilation
Abdul Rahman ibn Awf (ra) said I was on the front line on the day of Badr. I looked on my left and right and I saw two young men from the Ansar [Ibn Amru Ibn Jarooh (ra) and Ma’oodh ibn Afra (ra)] I wished I was between them. One of them winked and said Oh Uncle do you know where Abu Jahal is. I asked why? He said because he insulted Muhammad (saw) and by the one in whose hand is my soul if I see him I will not rest until I kill this cow or I be killed. Abdul Rahman ibn Awf (ra) said It was so uniquely strange to hear this from such a young person and all he wants to do is kill the one who insulted Muhammad (saw). The other youth said the same thing to Abdul Rahman ibn Awf. After that I saw Abu Jahal in the battlefield going around and I said to them You don’t see him, there is the one you were asking about. By Allah the moment I pointed him out they both raised their swords very high, they ran towards him and kept hacking at him with their swords.
The Sword Of Your House
Abdullah ibn Abbas (ra) said A blind mans wife insulted Muhammad (saw) badly by singing songs against Muhammad (saw), he could not tolerate this anymore so he killed her by stabbing her to death and Muhammad (saw) approved of this action. [Abu Dawood]
The Salaf were so keen to defend the honour of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (saw) that they severed all family ties just to implement the death penalty on the one who insults any of the Prophets of Allah (swt). Sufyaan Thawri (ra) and Malik ibn Umayr (ra) reported that a man came to Muhammad (saw) and said I met my father from amongst the pagans I heard very bad things from him about you. I could not take it anymore so I threw my spear at him and I killed my own father Oh Messenger of Allah. Muhammad (saw) replied He had no sanctity.
The Sword Of Ikhlaas
Some deviants say we cannot apply the Hukm of killing unless we have an Islamic State (Khilafah) how ignorant is the one that talks like this. Umayr ibnu Adi (ra) (who was a blind man) said he heard that Asma the daughter of Marwan insulted Muhammad (saw) in the battle of Badr. He said Oh Allah I have a vow on my neck if I return I will go to Medina to kill her. He went to Medina without the permission of Muhammad (saw) and killed her whilst she was suckling her child. He came back and told Muhammad (saw). Muhammad (saw) said to his companions If you wish to see someone who supports Allah and the Messengers by the Ghaib (without informing or asking or telling anyone) look at Umayr ibn Adi. [Ibn Hishaam and Ibn Saads Kitaab Al-Tabaqaat Al-Kabeer]. In other words you needAllah (swt) permission which has already been established and that is all you need.
The gravity and magnitude of this severe crime can never be accepted in any shape or form, in any era or reality. On the authority of Hassan ibn Ali (ra) The Prophet of Malhama (Slaughter), The Prophet of Maahi (Destruction) said Whoever insults a Prophet kill him.[Recorded in Al-Haakim in his Al-Mustadrak]